What Are the Different Cardiac Subspecialties and What Do They Do?

As seen in the February 2021 Issue of Advancing Care.
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“Cardiology focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and management of disorders of the cardiovascular or circulatory system, which includes the heart, arteries and veins,” says Steven Lansman, MD, Director of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Westchester Medical Center, the flagship of WMCHealth. Here is an overview of cardiology specialists:
General Clinical Cardiologist: focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and medical management of cardiovascular disease. 

Cardiothoracic Surgeon: operates on patients with conditions affecting the heart and lungs.

Echocardiologist: conducts and interprets cardiac ultrasound procedures.

Electrophysiologist: diagnoses, treats and manages cardiac arrhythmias and implants antiarrhythmia devices, like pacemakers and defibrillators.

Nuclear Cardiologist: assesses the heart, as well as the presence of blockages in coronary arteries, using injected radiotracer agents. 

Heart Failure and Transplant Cardiologist: undergoes advanced training and expertise that qualifies them to treat patients with advanced heart failure, up to and including organ transplantation.

Computed Tomography/Magnetic Resonance Imaging Cardiologist: focuses on the noninvasive diagnosis and clinical management of cardiovascular disease, using magnetic resonance (MRI) and computed tomography (CT).


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